How to Become a Zookeeper: A Comprehensive Guide to Pursuing a Fulfilling Career

how to become a zookeeper, Zookeepers are responsible for the care and well-being of animals in zoos. They work with a variety of animals, including mammals, reptiles, birds, and fish. Zookeepers must have a strong love of animals and be able to work well with them. They must also be able to handle difficult situations, such as when an animal is sick or injured.

how to become a zookeeper

If you have a passion for wildlife and a desire to work closely with animals, pursuing a career as a zookeeper can be an exciting and fulfilling path. Zookeepers play a crucial role in the care, conservation, and education of various animal species in zoos and wildlife parks. To embark on this career journey, here are the key steps to becoming a zookeeper:

  1. Gain Relevant Education: While formal education requirements can vary, most employers prefer candidates with a degree in a field related to zoology, biology, animal science, or a similar discipline. Pursuing a bachelor’s degree provides a solid foundation of knowledge in animal behavior, physiology, conservation, and zoological principles. Additionally, consider taking courses or obtaining a minor in subjects like wildlife management or animal husbandry to enhance your expertise.
  2. Gain Hands-on Experience: Practical experience working with animals is crucial to becoming a zookeeper. Seek opportunities to gain hands-on experience through internships, volunteer work, or part-time jobs at zoos, wildlife rehabilitation centers, or animal shelters. These experiences will not only allow you to learn about animal care techniques but also provide valuable insights into the daily responsibilities of a zookeeper.
  3. Develop Animal Handling Skills: Zookeepers need to have excellent animal handling skills to ensure the safety and well-being of the animals under their care. Seek opportunities to learn about animal behavior, proper handling techniques, and husbandry practices. Some organizations offer specialized courses or workshops in animal handling, which can further enhance your skillset.
  4. Obtain Certifications: While not always mandatory, obtaining relevant certifications can boost your credentials and increase your chances of securing a zookeeping position. One widely recognized certification is the Professional Association of Zookeepers (PAZ) certification, which demonstrates your knowledge and commitment to the field.
  5. Network and Seek Job Opportunities: Building a network within the zookeeping community can provide valuable insights and job opportunities. Attend industry conferences, workshops, and seminars to connect with professionals in the field. Additionally, regularly check job boards and websites dedicated to zoo and wildlife careers to stay updated on available positions.
  6. Apply for Entry-Level Positions: Begin your zookeeping career by applying for entry-level positions at zoos, aquariums, or wildlife parks. These positions often involve assisting senior zookeepers, feeding and cleaning enclosures, providing enrichment activities, and monitoring animal health. Embrace these opportunities to gain practical experience and further refine your skills.
  7. Continuously Learn and Grow: The field of zookeeping is constantly evolving, with new research, techniques, and practices emerging. Stay updated on the latest advancements in animal care, conservation, and zoo management. Attend workshops, conferences, and continuing education programs to expand your knowledge and enhance your professional growth.
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Becoming a zookeeper requires dedication, passion, and a genuine love for animals. By following these steps, gaining relevant education and experience, and continuously improving your skills, you can embark on a rewarding career as a zookeeper, contributing to the welfare and conservation of diverse animal species.

Education and Training

There is no one-size-fits-all education and training requirements to become a zookeeper. However, most zookeepers have a bachelor’s degree in a related field, such as animal science, biology, or environmental science. Some zookeepers also have an associate’s degree or a certificate in animal care.

High School

If you are interested in becoming a zookeeper, there are a few things you can do in high school to prepare. Take classes in biology, chemistry, math, and English. You should also volunteer at a local zoo or animal shelter to get experience working with animals.


There are many colleges that offer programs in animal science, biology, or environmental science. These programs will teach you the basics of animal care, nutrition, and behavior. You will also learn about animal husbandry, which is the care and management of animals in captivity.


One of the best ways to gain experience as a zookeeper is to complete an internship at a zoo or animal park. Internships will give you the opportunity to work with animals under the supervision of experienced zookeepers. You will also learn about the day-to-day operations of a zoo.

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There are a number of certifications that can help you become a zookeeper. The Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA) offers a variety of certifications, including the AZA Certified Keeper and the AZA Certified Nutritionist. These certifications can demonstrate your knowledge and skills to potential employers.


In addition to education and training, experience is also important for becoming a zookeeper. You can gain experience by volunteering at a local zoo or animal shelter, or by working as an animal care technician at a zoo or animal park.

Job Outlook

The job outlook for zookeepers is expected to grow faster than average in the coming years. This is due to the increasing demand for zoos and aquariums, as well as the growing public interest in animals.


The salary for zookeepers varies depending on their experience, education, and the type of zoo or aquarium they work for. The median annual salary for zookeepers in the United States is $34,920.

Conclusion, If you are interested in becoming a zookeeper, there are a number of things you can do to prepare. Get a good education, gain experience, and earn certifications. With hard work and dedication, you can achieve your dream of becoming a zookeeper.

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